A Beginner’s Guide to Learning Web Development – Pick a Good Programing Language

By  Maham Qasim

November 02, 2021 12:24 am EST

Web development is an internet art, and programming has one of the key roles in it. It’s safe to say that regardless of whether you are a professional web developer or just an amateur, you know what kinds of languages are used to code different aspects of your project.

If you don’t know which ones are the best new programming languages for web development, you’ve come to the right place.

Why is Programming Language Important?

The majority of programming languages can be divided into two main types based on their purpose:

  • A server-side language (e.g.: Java, Perl, Python) allows creating backend parts for your project, like server-side scripting, APIs, and frameworks.
  • A client-side language (e.g.: JavaScript, HTML5, CSS3) has its own benefits, though. It is used to realise projects tightly related to the end-user interface/user experience.

How Do You Choose the Right Language for Web Development?

Let’s discuss the main factors which influence your decision.

You need to consider your project, firstly. What is it about? After that– choose a programming language for web development.

It may seem extremely hard since there are so many options, and they differ from one another in terms of their features and capabilities. But relax! We will explore a list below to help you.

Four Best Programming Languages For Web Development

HTML:

HTML is a markup language, and it stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is used to describe the content structure on a web page so that users with different devices or software can view your pages correctly. So an HTML code describes how elements should be displayed like headings, paragraphs, images, etc.

For example, if you have <h2>Hello world!</h2> in your source code, it will display Hello World! in the browser.

Pros and Cons of HTML:

Pros:

  • Convenience of use.
  • Low learning curve.
  • Free to learn, free to use.
  • Simple syntax and easy for beginners (particularly <p> </p>, <a href=””> </a>).

Cons:

  • All the limitations of HTML as a language limit growth as a programmer. It is a server-side scripting language.
  • It is limited to Web Development only.

CSS:

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) define how each element in your web page should look. It contains styles that tell browsers how to render different HTML elements and all those styles are placed into <style> </style> tags inside your HTML document. With so many advantages over pure HTML, CSS is considered one of the best programming languages for web development. 

Pros and Cons of CSS:

Pros:

  • CSS allows the separation of design from structure.
  • Helpful in defining style properties so that the document’s elements can be easily reused across multiple pages. It makes it easier to update your site and change design without making changes to HTML code

Cons:

  • Harder to learn than HTML alone.

PHP:

PHP has dynamic typing and object-oriented abilities, which make it an excellent choice for dynamic projects. It is also used for creating Web 2.0 or Ajax websites, content management systems, eCommerce, etc.

PrOs and Cons of PHP:

Pros:

  • Very easy to learn.
  • Web development using one of the most widely used languages.
  • Easy to embed in HTML pages. 
  • Good object-oriented support (OOP).

Cons:

  • PHP is not a good choice if the security of your applications is essential to you.
  • PHP is not object-oriented enough. 
  • Some PHP frameworks are poorly designed.

JavaScript:

Also known as ECMAScript, Javascript is a scripting programming language. Still, most programmers use it to create interactive effects on web pages by using client-side scripts, HTML, and CSS.

Pros and Cons of JavaScript:

Pros:

  • Cross-browser compatibility is good. Due to its popularity, many web browsers support Javascript without problems.
  • They are also used in most big websites and some applications. High demand for current developers, so you won’t have a problem finding a job!

Cons:

  • The language was designed to do client-side programming only, so if you’re developing web servers or for massive enterprise applications, it can cause some blockage later on.
  • Used by many security hackers 

Conclusion

Choosing your favorite programming language for web development isn’t as easy today as it was in the past. That’s why you have to know everything about a specific language before getting started with it on your projects; otherwise, you’ll be wasting your time and money. So take upcoming trends into account while choosing a new technology!


Maham Qasim

Maham is a copywriter and content creator who's always been drawn to the idea that there's more than one way of getting things done. Her writing career can be thought of as just another side hustle for her; when she isn't crafting content or reading Oscar Wilde, Maham often strategizes about how best to reach out with an engaging voice in this ever changing marketplace!

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